For parents, protection of their child and its related safety are the most crucial issues while travelling. Parents should have proper knowledge regarding safe installation of car seats so that the child can be buckled-up with the seat according to their growing age. As everyone knows physical growth of child is very fast and they grow rapidly and so it is necessary that parents should be aware about the requirement and needs of their child as they grow.

Below are discussed some important points related to the type of baby car seats that can integrate the best way according to baby’s age:

1) Birth – 12 months: It is recommended to use rear-facing car seats for infants under age 1. Rear-facing car seat is the safest place for infants to travel in staying on back seat. During any accident or crash, rear-facing seat protects your infant’s spine, head and neck. There are different types of rear-facing car seats available in the market, out of which infant-only seats can be used. Other type of rear-facing seat that help your child to remain in rear-facing position for longer period of time is convertible and 3-in-1 car seats which have higher height and have weight limits.

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2) 1 – 3 years:

It is advised that toddlers between 1-3 years should travel in rear-facing car seats. It keeps toddler safe and they should remain in rear-facing car seats until they reach till top height or weight limit allowed by car seat manufacturer. Your toddler is ready to travel in forward-facing car seat with harness when they exceed or grow beyond rear-facing car seats. Forward-facing car seats which are well-equipped with harness and top tether, helps to restrict toddler’s forward movement during any accident or crash.

3) 4 – 7 years:

Once your baby exceeds from rear-facing car seat, it is advised to shift them in forward-facing car seats with harness. These forward-facing car seats are recommended till baby reaches up to the top height or weight limit as specified by the manufacturers. When baby exceeds forward-facing car seats, they are made to travel in booster seats. Booster seats are helpful in raising and appropriate positioning of your baby so that vehicle’s shoulder belt and lap belt fit properly. The shoulder belt helps to give protection to baby’s upper body and lap belt keeps baby safe from causing injuries to baby’s abdomen.

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4) 8 – 12 years:

It is advised to keep your child in booster seat until they are big enough to fit in a seat belt properly. Deciding for when to shift your baby from booster seats to car seat belts is the toughest decision for parents. Some points to be considered while shifting your child from booster seats to car seat belts are as follows:

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•    Child should be comfortable with the car seat belts.

•    The seat belts should fit properly the lap belts must lay cozily across upper thighs, not the stomach.

•    The shoulder belt should fit across shoulder and chest rather than crossing neck or face.

•    Child should be tall enough to sit without drooping themselves and also he/she should be able to support his/her back against the vehicle seat.

•    Child should be able to keep his/her feet flat on the floor and be able bend knees naturally over the edge of vehicle seat.

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